What Are The Two Types Of Legal Systems?

In Indian Judicial System there are four types of law.Criminal law.

The Criminal law is enforced by the police.

Civil law.

The Civil law is law that looks at actions that are not the crime.

Common law.

Statutory law..

What is customary law example?

“Customary law in Nigeria can be described simply as an amalgam of customs or habitual practices accepted by members of a particular community as having the force of law as a result of long established usage.” 39. L. Y.B. Int’l Bus. 131, 132 (1996).

DenmarkThe World Justice Project has named Denmark the best judicial system in the world measured by rule of law – for the fourth time in a row – while Ghana ranks highest in Africa. The World Justice Projects’ (WJP) yearly evaluation of 113 countries have ranked Denmark as the top in the Rule of Law Index.

Common law is a body of unwritten laws based on legal precedents established by the courts. … The U.S. common-law system evolved from a British tradition that spread to North America during the 17th- and 18th-century colonial period.

Different Branches of the Legal System. Criminal Law : Criminal Law deals with acts like theft, harassing a woman for more dowry and murder. The procedure of a criminal case starts with the lodging of the First Information Report (FIR) followed by police investigation and filing the case in court.

Which are civil law countries?

Countries following a civil law system are typically those that were former French, Dutch, German, Spanish or Portuguese colonies or protectorates, including much of Central and South America. Most of the Central and Eastern European and East Asian countries also follow a civil law structure.

There are generally considered to be five legal systems in the world today: civil law, common law, customary law, religious law, and mixed legal systems.

Legal systems do fall into groups or patterns with some similar features within each group. Among the main groups that you might encounter are: 1) common law; 2) civil law; 3) religious law; and 4) customary law. Many countries employ more than one of these systems at the same time to create a hybrid system.

Here is the list of the top five best countries for judicial independence and rule of law:Denmark.Norway. … Finland. … Sweden. The Swedish courts’ operations are governed by an executive branch of the government, the Ministry of Justice. … The Netherlands. The Netherlands have a transparent court system. …

What are the 7 types of law?

Terms in this set (7)The Constitution. supreme body of laws that govern our country.Statutory law. written or codified law such as legislative acts, declaring, commanding, or prohibiting something.Common or Case Law. … Civil Law (Private law) … Criminal Law. … Equity Law. … Administrative Law.

What field of law is most in demand?

Here are 16 fruitful, promising areas of law for you to consider.Complex Litigation. This is an area of law that demands a lot of patience and incredible attention to detail. … Corporate Law. … Tax Law. … Intellectual Property. … Blockchain. … Healthcare. … Environmental. … Criminal.More items…

What are the 4 types of law?

These four sources of law are the United States Constitution, federal and state statutes, administrative regulations, and case law. Each country’s legal system has its own sources of law, but for those systems that enact Constitutions, the Constitutions are the most fundamental of the sources of law.

The following is a list of the five major legal systems used throughout the world:Civil Law. The civil law system is the most widespread legal system in the world. … Common Law. … Customary Law. … Religious Law. … Mixed Law.

What are the 5 types of law?

Terms in this set (11)Criminal Law. cases in which people are accused of committing crimes that harm other people or property.Examples of Criminal Law. murder, larceny, rape, assault, DWI.Civil Law. … Examples of Civil Law. … Constitutional Law. … Administrative Law. … Examples of Administrative Law. … International Law.More items…

The two major legal systems in the world are Civil Law and Common Law, but JurisGlobe, a project of the University of Ottawa, identifies five categories of legal systems: Civil law, Common law, Customary law, Muslim law and Mixed law systems.

Who is the father of law?

Hamilton Vreeland’s Hugo Grotius: The Father of the Modern Science of International Law (1917) served to underline his status; the American Society of International Law holds an annual Grotius Lecture; and the Peace Palace library (The Hague) honors him as the “founder of the systematic modern doctrine of international …

The Legal system can be divided into 2 branches, criminal law and civil law.

What is rule of law mean?

Rule of law is a principle under which all persons, institutions, and entities are accountable to laws that are: Publicly promulgated. Equally enforced. Independently adjudicated. And consistent with international human rights principles.